Bodianus rufus
Source: Oceanreef.dk - Kasper Hareskov Tygesen
Bodianus rufus
Source: JJPhoto.dk
Bodianus rufus
Source: JJPhoto.dk
Bodianus rufus
Source: JJPhoto.dk
Bodianus rufus
Source: Oceanreef.dk - Kasper Hareskov Tygesen

Facts

Latin name Bodianus rufus - (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common name Spanish hogfish
Family Labridae - Bodianus
Origin The Mexican Golf, West Atlantic
Max length 40.0 cm (15.7")

As aquarium fish

Minimum volume 1500 l (396 gal)
Hardiness Hardy
Suitable for aquarium Suitable with care
Reef safe Reef safe with caution
Aggressiveness Might be aggressive towards other species

Food

Maybee
  • Parasites
Recommended
  • Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia...)
  • Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
  • Other invertebrates

An effective invertebrate hunter

These fish will hunt crustaceans, sea urchins and worms in an aquarium, very effectively.

Demand a very large aquarium when fully grown

This species needs a very large aquarium when fully grown.

Exactly how big the aquarium should be is hard to say, but the size of this species is such, that it cannot normally be kept in a home aquarium.

Searches through sand for food

This species searches through the sand for food, which can make the water cloudy and shakes up detritus.

In an aquarium their natural food source in the sand is quickly exhausted.

Requires plenty of space for swimming.

This species revels in swimming and requires an aquarium with ample space.

Hermaphroditic

This species can change gender from female to male.

When a male is needed, a female changes sex and takes on the role.

Initially shy

This species can be very shy when first introduced into a new aquarium.

More aggressive fish can be introduced after this species has acclimatized.

Hiding places

This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.

Genus description (Bodianus)

Hogfish (Bodianus) get their name from the way they look for food in the substrate using their snout. They can regularly be seen blowing water down into the sand and in their natural habitat they often follow other fish which have disturbed it.

Hogfish are quite hardy and in time eat all the most common available fish foods. They do however, demand plenty of space to swim and for concealment.

They can hide for long periods of time if kept with more aggressive species. Hogfish can also be aggressive towards more docile species or those that resembles themselves.
When fully grown they can become a threat to various invertebrates, e.g. worms, snails, small bivalves and crustaceans amongst others.

Family description (Labridae)

Wrasses are nearly always seen in reef aquaria, since many of the species are both attractive and useful in battling a range of unwanted invertebrates like i.e. flatworms, pyramide snails.
These fish live of everything from zooplankton to large crustaceans, sea urchins and the like.

The needs and behaviour of Wrasses vary greatly, so it is vital to familiarize oneself with the specific species before buying one.

FishBase

Aquarium trade Yes
Distribution Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA) and throughout the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea to southern Brazil.
English common names Spanish hogfish
Danish common names Spansk svinefisk
Spanish common names Loro perro negro, Loro capitán, Colombiano, Pez perro español, Plátano maduro

References and further reading

About references

Bob Fenner. The Wrasses We Call Hogfishes - Wet Web Media - (English)
Scott Michael. 2002. Aquarium Fish: The Hogfishes, Family Labridae - Advanced Aquarist - (English)

Scott W. Michael. 2009. Wrasses and Parrotfishes (Reef Fishes Series Book 5) - TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (08/2014).

Tags

hermaphroditic, docile shy, eats shrimp, eats crab, eats sea urchin, eats bristleworm polychaete fireworm
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