Cheilodipterus persicus
Source: JJPhoto.dk

Facts

Latin name Cheilodipterus persicus - Gon, 1993
Common name Persian cardinalfish
Family Apogonidae - Cheilodipterus
Origin East Indian Ocean
Max length 11.0 cm (4.3")

As aquarium fish

Minimum volume 100 l (26 gal)
Hardiness Hardy
Suitable for aquarium Suitable for most aquarium
Reef safe Reef safe with caution
Aggressiveness Docile but might be aggressive towards similar species

Food

Maybee
  • Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
  • Fish
Recommended
  • Zooplankton (Cyclops, pods...)
  • Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia...)

Threat towards crustaceans

This species poses a threat towards shrimps and crabs etc., which are relatively small.

Can be a threat to small fish

This spicies might be a threat to smaller fishes.

Needs dimmed light at first

Out in wild this species is used to faint light, so to acclimitize it, it is advantageous to dim the light at first and gradually increase it to normal.

Live food

There is a greater chance of success with this species if one can supply a living feed to allow it to adapt to the tank.

Acclimitises best as a juvenile

This species will better acclimatize to the aquarium`s condition if introduced, when young.

Very small individuals can be very delicate.

Requires a varied diet

This species must be fed with an appropriately varied diet.

Nocturnal

This species is nocturnal and therefore the most active when the light is dimmed or turned off.

Docile

This species is very shy and docile, so one should be careful when keeping it with more aggressive fish.

Best as a pair

This species thrives best in a pair. (Male and female)

Hiding places

This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.

Family description (Apogonidae)

Cardinalfish come in many different shapes and colours, generally they are well suited for aquaria.

Cardinalfish have a large mouth and a big appetite, take this into account with feeding  the other fish. These fish typically live off of Artemia, Mysis and krill. In the aquarium they will eat anything they can.

They will sometimes eat small shrimps and fish, so do be aware of this, but it is not normally a problem.

It is possible to keep several species together, if space allows. Some species will form  small shoals. They are normally peaceful towards other fish, but will sometimes fight among themselves if there isn't sufficient space or food.

Many species are nocturnal and will therefore often seek a hiding place during the day. This can be between stones, SPS corals and, in some cases, in an anemone and between spines of Sea urchins.

Cardinalfish are a good choice if ones wishes to attempt to start a breeding tank.

FishBase

Aquarium trade Unknown
Distribution Western Indian Ocean: Persian Gulf.

References and further reading

About references

Henry C. Schultz. 2004. Cardinals Not Named Pujols, Womack, or Edmonds: The Genus Cheilodipterus - Reefkeeping Magazine - (English)

Scott W. Michael. 2001. Basslets, Dottybacks & Hawkfishes: v. 2 (Reef Fishes) - TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)
Bob Fenner. Cardinalfishes, Family Apogonidae, Pt. 1Pt. 2 - Wet Web Media - (English)

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (08/2014).

Tags

nocturnal night, docile shy, live food, pair couple, eats shrimp, eats crab, eats fish, cardinal
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