|Latin name||Apogon maculatus - (Poey, 1860)|
|Common name||Flame Cardinal|
|Family||Apogonidae - Apogon|
|Origin||The Mexican Golf, West Atlantic|
|Max length||11.0 cm (4.3")|
As aquarium fish
Can be a threat towards small crustaceans
This species can be a threat towards small crustaceans, e.g. small shrimp.
Territorial towards its own species
In captivity this species will attempt to make its own little territory. It can therefore be very aggressive towards species of the same family, when not provided with sufficient space.
Sensitive during transportation
This species is very sensitive during transportation and acclimatizing into the aquarium.
Thrive best on their own
These fish flourish better without other members of the same species in the aquarium.
Looses colour in the aquarium
In the aquarium the colour of this species can become matte.
Food with plenty of pigment and generally a varied diet of high quality can help alleviate colour loss.
This species is nocturnal and therefore the most active when the light is dimmed or turned off.
This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.
A. pseudomaculatus resembles this species closely, but A. maculatus has a spot behind its eye, but not at the caudal peduncle.
Family description (Apogonidae)
Cardinalfish come in many different shapes and colours, generally they are well suited for aquaria.
Cardinalfish have a large mouth and a big appetite, take this into account with feeding the other fish. These fish typically live off of Artemia, Mysis and krill. In the aquarium they will eat anything they can.
They will sometimes eat small shrimps and fish, so do be aware of this, but it is not normally a problem.
It is possible to keep several species together, if space allows. Some species will form small shoals. They are normally peaceful towards other fish, but will sometimes fight among themselves if there isn't sufficient space or food.
Many species are nocturnal and will therefore often seek a hiding place during the day. This can be between stones, SPS corals and, in some cases, in an anemone and between spines of Sea urchins.
Cardinalfish are a good choice if ones wishes to attempt to start a breeding tank.
|Distribution||Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Massachusetts (USA), Bermuda, Bahamas, and Gulf of Mexico (Ref. 26340) to Brazil.|
|English common names||Flamefish|
|Spanish common names||Cardenal manchado|
References and further reading
Scott W. Michael. 2001. Basslets, Dottybacks & Hawkfishes: v. 2 (Reef Fishes) - TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)
Bob Fenner. Cardinalfishes, Family Apogonidae, Pt. 1, Pt. 2 - Wet Web Media - (English)
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (08/2014).
|nocturnal night, eats shrimp, cardinal|