|Latin name||Parupeneus macronemus - (Lacepède, 1801)|
|Common name||Long-barbel goatfish|
|Family||Mullidae - Parupeneus|
|Origin||East Indian Ocean, West Indian Ocean, Australia, The Red Sea, Indonesia, Central/West Pacific|
|Max length||40.0 cm (15.7")|
As aquarium fish
Jumps out of open aquaria
This species is known to jump out of open aquaria.
Can be a threat to small fishes, crustaceans and other invertebrates
This species can be a threat for small fishes, crustaceans, worms, snails etc.
This fish requires feeding several times a day, especially when newly added.
When the fish can find its natural food in the aquarium it requires less frequent feeding.
Requires plenty of space for swimming.
This species revels in swimming and requires an aquarium with ample space.
This species is very shy and docile, so one should be careful when keeping it with more aggressive fish.
This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.
Family description (Mullidae)
Goatfish (Mullidae) have a very characteristic "beard" which they use when searching the sand for food. The aquarium should therefore have a large open area with both sand and coral gravel for example.
These fish are not particularly well suited to aquaria as they often die after a few months due to malnutrition.
To succeed with these fish, one must feed them a varied diet 4-5 times a day, this in addition, to them finding their own food in the aquarium.
It can be difficult to fulfil their dietry needs, as they quickly consume the natural food in the tank and the amount of feeding places a large strain on the aquarium.
They require a large amount of food when young, but less when fully grown.
Goatfish are considered predators, as they will eat small fish and crustaceans.
|Distribution||Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Persian Gulf south to Natal, South Africa extending east to Indonesia and the Philippines. Record from Hawaiii is an error.|
|English common names||Long-barbeled goatfish, Long-barbel goatfish, Longbarbel goatfish|
|Danish common names||Langskægget mulle|
|German common names||Kurztreifenmeerbarbe|
|French common names||Rouget à longs barbillons, Surmulet à bandes noires, Capucin à longs barbillons|
References and further reading
Scott W. Michael. 2004. Angelfishes and Butterflyfishes (Reef Fishes Series Book 3) - TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)
Bob Fenner. Mulling Over the Goatfishes, Family Mullidae, Part I - Wet Web Media - (English)
Bob Fenner. Mulling Over the Goatfishes, Family Mullidae, Part II - Wet Web Media - (English)
Bob Fenner. Mulling Over the Goatfishes, Family Mullidae, Part III - Wet Web Media - (English)
Bob Fenner. Goatfishes in Indonesia, Family Mullidae - Wet Web Media - (English)
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (08/2014).
|docile shy, eats shrimp, eats crab, eats snails, eats fish, eats bristleworm polychaete fireworm|