Parupeneus macronemus
Source: MDC Seamarc Maldives / CC BY-SA 4.0
Parupeneus macronemus
Source: Philippe Bourjon / CC-BY-SA-3.0

Facts

Latin name Parupeneus macronemus - (Lacepède, 1801)
Common name Long-barbel goatfish
Family Mullidae - Parupeneus
Origin East Indian Ocean, West Indian Ocean, Australia, The Red Sea, Indonesia, Central/West Pacific
Max length 40.0 cm (15.7")

As aquarium fish

Minimum volume 900 l (237 gal)
Hardiness Average
Suitable for aquarium Experience, preparation and extra care required
Reef safe Reef safe with caution
Aggressiveness Docile

Food

Recommended
  • Zooplankton (Cyclops, pods...)
  • Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia...)
  • Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
  • Other invertebrates
  • Fish

Jumps out of open aquaria

This species is known to jump out of open aquaria.

Can be a threat to small fishes, crustaceans and other invertebrates

This species can be a threat for small fishes, crustaceans, worms, snails etc.

Frequent feeding

This fish requires feeding several times a day, especially when newly added.

When the fish can find its natural food in the aquarium it requires less frequent feeding. 

Requires plenty of space for swimming.

This species revels in swimming and requires an aquarium with ample space.

Docile

This species is very shy and docile, so one should be careful when keeping it with more aggressive fish.

Hiding places

This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.

Family description (Mullidae)

Goatfish (Mullidae) have a very characteristic "beard" which they use when searching the sand for food. The aquarium should therefore have a large open area with both sand and coral gravel for example. 

These fish are not particularly well suited to aquaria as they often die after a few months due to malnutrition.
To succeed with these fish, one must feed them a varied diet 4-5 times a day, this in addition, to them finding their own food in the aquarium.

It can be difficult to fulfil their dietry needs, as they quickly consume the natural food in the tank and the amount of feeding places a large strain on the aquarium.
They require a large amount of food when young, but less when fully grown. 

Goatfish are considered predators, as they will eat small fish and crustaceans.

FishBase

Aquarium trade Yes
Distribution Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and Persian Gulf south to Natal, South Africa extending east to Indonesia and the Philippines. Record from Hawaiii is an error.
English common names Long-barbeled goatfish, Long-barbel goatfish, Longbarbel goatfish
Danish common names Langskægget mulle
German common names Kurztreifenmeerbarbe
French common names Rouget à longs barbillons, Surmulet à bandes noires, Capucin à longs barbillons

References and further reading

About references

Scott W. Michael. 2004. Angelfishes and Butterflyfishes (Reef Fishes Series Book 3) - TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)
Bob Fenner. Mulling Over the Goatfishes, Family Mullidae, Part I - Wet Web Media - (English)
Bob Fenner. Mulling Over the Goatfishes, Family Mullidae, Part II - Wet Web Media - (English)
Bob Fenner. Mulling Over the Goatfishes, Family Mullidae, Part III - Wet Web Media - (English)
Bob Fenner. Goatfishes in Indonesia, Family Mullidae - Wet Web Media - (English)

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (08/2014).

Tags

docile shy, eats shrimp, eats crab, eats snails, eats fish, eats bristleworm polychaete fireworm
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