Pervagor spilosoma
Source: Kevin Lino NOAA/NMFS/PIFSC/ESD / CC BY 2.0

Facts

Latin name Pervagor spilosoma - (Lay & Bennett, 1839)
Common name Fantail filefish
Family Monacanthidae - Pervagor
Origin
Max length 18.0 cm (7.1")

As aquarium fish

Minimum volume 700 l (185 gal)
Hardiness Hardy
Suitable for aquarium Suitable with care
Reef safe Reef safe with luck
Aggressiveness Might be aggressive towards similar species

Food

Maybee
  • Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
  • Other invertebrates
  • Soft coral
  • Large polyp stone coral (LPS)
Recommended
  • Microalgea (Eg. spirulina)
  • Macroalgea (Eg. seaweed / nori)
  • Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia...)

Eats tubeworms

This species likes to eat tubeworms.

Can be a threat towards small crustaceans

This species can be a threat towards small crustaceans, e.g. small shrimp.

Frequent feeding

This fish requires feeding several times a day, especially when newly added.

When the fish can find its natural food in the aquarium it requires less frequent feeding. 

Initially shy

This species can be very shy when first introduced into a new aquarium.

More aggressive fish can be introduced after this species has acclimatized.

Hiding places

This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.

Family description (Monacanthidae)

Filefish (Monacanthidae) have a very characteristic appearance, but whether one likes them or not is a matter of taste. 

Some species are suitable for aquaria, although they will occasionally eat a coral or invertebrate. They are therefore not so well suited to coral tanks.
They are often used to fight glass anemones (Aiptasia) and Majano anemones. Pervagor nigrolineatus is especially good at this.

They need peace and quiet from both the aquarist and other fish, when adjusting to the tank life.

Be careful when catching them, as they easily becomes caught in the net.

FishBase

Aquarium trade Yes
Distribution Eastern Pacific: throughout the Hawaiian Islands, including the Leeward Group; rare in Johnston Island.
English common names Fantail filefish
Danish common names Viftehalet filfisk

References and further reading

About references

Henry C. Schultz. 2004. Files Not Meant For Your Toolbox (or Reef Aquarium!) - Reefkeeping Magazine - (English)

Dave Wolfenden. 2013. Filefish: A bit of rough! - Practical Fishkeeping - (English)
Scott W. Michael. Can You Add Filefish to a Reef Tank? - Fish Channel - (English)
Bob Fenner. Filefishes, Family Monacanthidae, Part I, Part II, Part III - Wet Web Media - (English)
Scott W. Michael. Those Fabulous Filefish - Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine - (English)

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (08/2014).

Tags

docile shy, eats feather duster worm, eats shrimp
Just a moment...
Just a moment...