|Latin name||Plectorhinchus picus - (Cuvier, 1828)|
|Common name||Painted sweetlip|
|Family||Haemulidae - Plectorhinchus|
|Origin||East Indian Ocean, West Indian Ocean, Australia, Japan, Indonesia, East Pacific, Central/West Pacific|
|Max length||84.0 cm (33.1")|
As aquarium fish
Poses a threat towards small fish and invertebrates
This species can be a threat towards small fish, shrimps, small bivalves, worms, snails and the like.
Demand a very large aquarium when fully grown
This species needs a very large aquarium when fully grown.
Exactly how big the aquarium should be is hard to say, but the size of this species is such, that it cannot normally be kept in a home aquarium.
This species grows very quickly if fed well.
Searches through sand for food
This species searches through the sand for food, which can make the water cloudy and shakes up detritus.
In an aquarium their natural food source in the sand is quickly exhausted.
This fish requires feeding several times a day, especially when newly added.
When the fish can find its natural food in the aquarium it requires less frequent feeding.
This species eats a great deal and demands an aquarium that can tolerate such a heavy load.
Acclimitises best as a juvenile
This species will better acclimatize to the aquarium`s condition if introduced, when young.
Very small individuals can be very delicate.
Requires a varied diet
This species must be fed with an appropriately varied diet.
Requires plenty of space for swimming.
This species revels in swimming and requires an aquarium with ample space.
This species is very shy and docile, so one should be careful when keeping it with more aggressive fish.
This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.
Family description (Haemulidae)
Fish within in the Grunt family do not often appear in private aquaria, but can be kept in a very large tank under proper conditions. They are predatory fish and mostly live off benthic crustaceans, worms and fish.
There can be a big difference in appearance when the fish is young and fully grown.
This family can divided into two groups: Plectorhinchinae (Sweetlips) and Haemulinae (Grunts).
Aquarists normally find Sweetlips to be the best looking, but they can be difficult to feed and it can be problematic giving them food containing enough nutrition. Grunts are more hardy and quicker to start feeding in aquaria.
It can be a good idea to have live food, Mysis or small live freshwater shrimp, in case these fish don't begin to feed.
One should not acquire these fish with the intention of selling them on when they get bigger. This is, not only because they grow quickly if fed correctly, but also because they are difficult to sell on to domestic buyers.
Sweetlips include the genera of Diagramma and Plectorhinchus.
Grunts include the genera of Anisotremus and Haemulon.
|Distribution||Indo-Pacific: Seychelles to the Society Islands, north to Japan and south to Lord Howe and Rapa Islands. Rare or absent from most of the western Indian Ocean, but common in the Seychelles (Ref. 9710).|
|English common names||Dotted sweetlips, Black and white sweetlips|
|Danish common names||Sortplettet gryntefisk|
|French common names||Loche casteix, Gaterin noir et blanc, Perche peinte|
References and further reading
Bob Fenner. The Grunts Called Sweetlips, Family Haemulidae, Subfamily Plectorhynchinae - Wet Web Media - (English)
Scott W. Michael. 2004. Angelfishes and Butterflyfishes (Reef Fishes Series Book 3) TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)
Bob Fenner. Indonesian Grunts & Sweetlips, Family Haemulidae - Wet Web Media - (English)
WWM Crew. FAQs on Grunts, Sweetlips, Family Haemulidae - Wet Web Media - (English)
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (08/2014).
|docile shy, eats shrimp, eats bivalve clams mussels scallops, eats snails, eats fish, eats bristleworm polychaete fireworm|