Pseudochromis fridmani
Source: JJPhoto.dk
Pseudochromis fridmani
Source: Tropeland - Kasper Hareskov Tygesen
Pseudochromis fridmani
Source: Tropeland - Kasper Hareskov Tygesen
Pseudochromis fridmani
Source: JJPhoto.dk
Pseudochromis fridmani
Source: JJPhoto.dk

Facts

Latin name Pseudochromis fridmani - Klausewitz, 1968
Common name Orchid Dottyback
Family Pseudochromidae - Pseudochromis
Origin The Red Sea
Max length 6.3 cm (2.5")

As aquarium fish

Minimum volume 50 l (13 gal)
Hardiness Hardy
Suitable for aquarium Suitable with care
Reef safe Reef safe with caution
Aggressiveness Might be aggressive towards other species

Food

Mostly
  • Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
Recommended
  • Zooplankton (Cyclops, pods...)
  • Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia...)

Jumps out of open aquaria

This species is known to jump out of open aquaria.

Can be a threat towards small crustaceans

This species can be a threat towards small crustaceans, e.g. small shrimp.

Requires a varied diet

This species must be fed with an appropriately varied diet.

Hermaphroditic

This species can change gender from female to male.

When a male is needed, a female changes sex and takes on the role.

Bred in captivity

This species can be bred in captivity, one can therefore consider asking your local fish store for a captive bred specimen.

Docile

This species is very shy and docile, so one should be careful when keeping it with more aggressive fish.

Hiding places

This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.

Number of fish

This species can live with many of its own kind, when provided with enough space.

Can be aggressive

This species can be aggressive when kept together with fish that are very similar, or if they are not provided with adequate space.

Family description (Pseudochromidae)

Dottybacks (Pseudochromidae) are often very colourful, rather hardy and relatively small, typically under 4 inch (10 cm). These fish can be distinguished from other fish by looking at the shape of the eye, see for example the picture of this: Labracinus cyclophthalmus.

They can be quite aggressive towards other fish, if they are kept together with more docile species or if there is not enough space. They are especially aggressive towards fish that resemble themselves or Wrasses, as in the wild, Wrasses will go after their eggs.

If their aggressive behaviour is dealt with, they can be suitable to smaller aquaria. Their aggressive behaivour can be remedied by keeping them together with other aggressive or larger species as for example: Hawkfish, Surgeonfish, Rabbitfish, Angelfish, Triggerfish, Clown/ Damselfish or Pufferfish.

Dottybacks will compete for food with other fish which eat zooplankton off the rocks. Mandarinfish and similar species can find it difficult to get enough food if kept together with Dottybacks.
One could consider the Gramma species, if one wishes a similar fish which is more peaceful.

FishBase

Aquarium trade Yes
Distribution Western Indian Ocean: known only from the Red Sea.
English common names Orchid dottyback
French common names Pseudochromis de Mer Rouge

References and further reading

About references

Henry C. Schultz. 2002. The Dottybacks - Reefkeeping - (English)
Scott W. Michael. 2001. Basslets, Dottybacks & Hawkfishes: v. 2 (Reef Fishes) - TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)
Bob Fenner. The Dottybacks, Family Pseudochromidae - Wet Web Media - (English)
Collection of links to additional information - Wet Web Media - (English)

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (08/2014).

Tags

hermaphroditic, docile shy, eats shrimp, shoal group
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