|Latin name||Cantherhines macrocerus - (Hollard, 1853)|
|Local name||American whitespotted filefish|
|Family||Monacanthidae - Cantherhines|
|Origin||West Indian Ocean, The Mexican Golf, West Atlantic|
|Max length||46 cm (18,1")|
|Minimum volume||5000 cm (1319 gal)|
|Suitable for aquarium||Suitable with care|
|Reef safe||Not reef safe|
Macroalgea (Eg. seaweed / nori)
Microalgea (Eg. spirulina)
Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia...)
Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
Large polyp stone coral (LPS)
This species will eat shrimps, crabs, small bivalves, snails and the like.
There is little available knowledge of this species, so there can be important information missing on this page.
This fish can have a wide variety of colours from grey to yellow or a bluish green.
Filefish (Monacanthidae) have a very characteristic appearance, but whether one likes them or not is a matter of taste.
Some species are suitable for aquaria, although they will occasionally eat a coral or invertebrate. They are therefore not so well suited to coral tanks.
They are often used to fight glass anemones (Aiptasia) and Majano anemones. Pervagor nigrolineatus is especially good at this.
They need peace and quiet from both the aquarist and other fish, when adjusting to the tank life.
Be careful when catching them, as they easily becomes caught in the net.
|Distribution||Western Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bermuda to São Paulo, Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: St. Paul's Rocks (Ref. 13121).|
|English common names||
American whitespotted filefish
Dave Wolfenden. 2013. Filefish: A bit of rough! - Practical Fishkeeping - (English)
Scott W. Michael. Can You Add Filefish to a Reef Tank? - Fish Channel - (English)
Bob Fenner. Filefishes, Family Monacanthidae, Part I, Part II, Part III - Wet Web Media - (English)
Scott W. Michael. Those Fabulous Filefish - Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine - (English)
"Minimum volume" indicates the size of the tank needed to house this species under optimal conditions.
This is based on a medium size animal, which you want to keep for several years.
It might be possible to keep smaller specimens for a limited period in a smaller tank. A larger tank might be needed for fully-grown specimens.
"Hardiness" indicates how resistant this species is to disease and how well i tolerates bad conditions in general.
Some species doesn't handle transportation very well, but that doesn't mean that the species isn't hardy under the right conditions.
In this case, a "normal" aquarium is a reef aquarium with mixed corals or a fish only aquarium with an approximately salinity of 1.026 (sg) and a temperature close to 26°C.
Species requiring more than a 4000-liter tank are considered not suitable for home aquarium.
Special aquariums may cover tanks with low salinity, sub-tropical temperature, deep sand bed, sea grass etc.
Always reef safe: No sources indicate that this species will harm corals or other invertebrates.
Often reef safe: Only a few aquarists has reported problems keeping this species with corals and other invertebrates.
Reef safe with caution: This species may be a threat to some types of invertebrates.
Reef safe with luck: Most specimens will harm corals and/or other invertebrates, but you might be lucky.
Not reef safe: This species is a threat to most corals and/or other invertebrates.