|Latin name||Equetus punctatus - (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)|
|Local name||Spotted drum|
|Family||Sciaenidae - Equetus|
|Origin||The Mexican Golf, West Atlantic|
|Max length||27 cm (10,6")|
|Minimum volume||700 cm (185 gal)|
|Suitable for aquarium||Experience, preparation and extra care required|
|Reef safe||Reef safe with caution|
Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia...)
Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
Zooplankton (Cyclops, pods...)
This spicies might be a threat to smaller fishes.
This species poses a threat towards shrimps and crabs etc., which are relatively small.
This species searches through the sand for food, which can make the water cloudy and shakes up detritus.
In an aquarium their natural food source in the sand is quickly exhausted.
These fish are very difficult to feed, they demand live food, although occasionally they can get used to frozen foods. Live zooplankton (eg. Artemia or Mysis) or small living shrimps can be an excellent way to introduce them to eating in captivity.
They eat slowly and it can be a challenge to feed them if they are together with fish which eat the same food but are fast eaters.
This species is very sensitive during transportation and acclimatizing into the aquarium.
This species will better acclimatize to the aquarium`s condition if introduced, when young.
Very small individuals can be very delicate.
These fish may well hide themselves for a while, whilst getting acclimatized.
Do not disturb the fish while acclimating because it will prolong the process.
This species thrives best when there is a sufficiently large amount of micro life (copepods, amphipods or similar) in the aquarium, so that the it can always find their own food.
This fish requires feeding several times a day, especially when newly added.
When the fish can find its natural food in the aquarium it requires less frequent feeding.
They can live as a pair provided they are introduced simultaneously.
This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.
This species is nocturnal and therefore the most active when the light is dimmed or turned off.
This species is very shy and docile, so one should be careful when keeping it with more aggressive fish.
Drums/Croakers (Sciaenidae) communicate with each other by making noises in the water, hence the name.
They will normally look for their food in the sand by digging it with their snout.
Drums/Croakers are easily stressed during transportation, even from one aquarium to the other. It can be difficult to get them to eat, and they should therefore not be kept with food competitors or aggressive species, as they will not get a sufficient amount of food.
They normally hide under overhangs or holes during the day and hunt at night.
|Distribution||Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Florida (USA), and Bahamas to the Antilles (Ref. 26340) and Yucatan (Mexico) (Ref. 26938) to Brazil.|
|English common names||
|French common names||
|Danish common names||
Scott W. Michael. 2004. Angelfishes and Butterflyfishes (Reef Fishes Series Book 3) TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)
Bob Fenner. Drums, Croakers: High Hats and Jackknifes, Family Sciaenidae - Wet Web Media - (English)
WWM Crew. FAQs about Croakers, Drums, Family Sciaenidae - Wet Web Media - (English)
"Minimum volume" indicates the size of the tank needed to house this species under optimal conditions.
This is based on a medium size animal, which you want to keep for several years.
It might be possible to keep smaller specimens for a limited period in a smaller tank. A larger tank might be needed for fully-grown specimens.
"Hardiness" indicates how resistant this species is to disease and how well i tolerates bad conditions in general.
Some species doesn't handle transportation very well, but that doesn't mean that the species isn't hardy under the right conditions.
In this case, a "normal" aquarium is a reef aquarium with mixed corals or a fish only aquarium with an approximately salinity of 1.026 (sg) and a temperature close to 26°C.
Species requiring more than a 4000-liter tank are considered not suitable for home aquarium.
Special aquariums may cover tanks with low salinity, sub-tropical temperature, deep sand bed, sea grass etc.
Always reef safe: No sources indicate that this species will harm corals or other invertebrates.
Often reef safe: Only a few aquarists has reported problems keeping this species with corals and other invertebrates.
Reef safe with caution: This species may be a threat to some types of invertebrates.
Reef safe with luck: Most specimens will harm corals and/or other invertebrates, but you might be lucky.
Not reef safe: This species is a threat to most corals and/or other invertebrates.