|Latin name||Odontodactylus scyllarus|
|Local name||Peacock mantis shrimp|
|Family||Stomatopoda - Odontodactylus|
|Origin||East Indian Ocean, West Indian Ocean, Australia, Indonesia, Central/West Pacific|
|Max length||18 cm (7,1")|
|Minimum volume||100 cm (26 gal)|
|Suitable for aquarium||Suitable for special aquariums|
|Reef safe||Reef safe with caution|
|Aggressiveness||Might be aggressive towards similar species|
Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
This species thrives best in an aquarium with dimmed lighting.
This species will eat shrimps, crabs, small bivalves, snails and the like.
This species can pose a threat towards fish that are relatively large in comparison to its own size.
This species often becomes malnourished in captivity, it is therefore important to enrich their food with omega-3 and vitamins.
This Mantis Shrimp is a "smasher", see the below description.
This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.
Mantis shrimp (Stomatopoda) have an interesting way of hunting their prey whilst also sometimes being very pretty, making them a very interesting animal.
There are two types of Mantis shrimp:
Will crush even the hardest of shells of various invertebrates, but will also occasionally go for fish.
To give them the opportunity to break some shells, try feeding them raw crustacean which have a hard shell.
They may hit the aquarium's glass as a way of extending their cave. By placing plexiglass on the bottom of the tank, and ensuring their cave is not placed next to the sides, one can eliminate this problem.
Smashers live in caves between the rocks, but they may also dig into the sand.
Have very long barbed arms, which they use to catch softer prey, like fish for example.
As they live on the bottom of the tank, the substrate must be deep enough to accommodate the Mantis' size.
What they both have in common is that unless one buys a very small species, they will often require a dedicated aquarium. When attempting to keep them with other fish one should know that the larger species will eat most of the other animals in the tank.
Mantis shrimps should be fed every couple of days, and will only eat when hungry.
Their food should be varied and enriched with omega-3 and vitamins. They are not usually choosy about their food, and can be fed all types of raw seafood.
After changing their shell, they will often hide and refuse to eat for about a week.
Read more about the many different species here.
Odontodactylus scyllarus - Wikipedia - (Engelsk)
Ralph Sellitto. Mantis Shrimp - Frequently Asked Questions - Lionfish Lair - (English)
Roy Caldwell. Introduction to Stomatopoda - (English)
2013. Tanks for a peacock mantis shrimp - The Reef Tank - (English)
James W. Fatherree. 2013. Aquarium Invertebrates: An Introduction to the Mantis Shrimps - Advanced Aquarist - (English)
James Fartherree. 2004. A load of learnin' about the mantis shrimp - Reefkeeping Magazine - (English)
Bob Fenner. Mantis Shrimps, Smashers and Thumb-Splitters, Order Stomatopoda - Wet Web Media - (English)
"Minimum volume" indicates the size of the tank needed to house this species under optimal conditions.
This is based on a medium size animal, which you want to keep for several years.
It might be possible to keep smaller specimens for a limited period in a smaller tank. A larger tank might be needed for fully-grown specimens.
"Hardiness" indicates how resistant this species is to disease and how well i tolerates bad conditions in general.
Some species doesn't handle transportation very well, but that doesn't mean that the species isn't hardy under the right conditions.
In this case, a "normal" aquarium is a reef aquarium with mixed corals or a fish only aquarium with an approximately salinity of 1.026 (sg) and a temperature close to 26°C.
Species requiring more than a 4000-liter tank are considered not suitable for home aquarium.
Special aquariums may cover tanks with low salinity, sub-tropical temperature, deep sand bed, sea grass etc.
Always reef safe: No sources indicate that this species will harm corals or other invertebrates.
Often reef safe: Only a few aquarists has reported problems keeping this species with corals and other invertebrates.
Reef safe with caution: This species may be a threat to some types of invertebrates.
Reef safe with luck: Most specimens will harm corals and/or other invertebrates, but you might be lucky.
Not reef safe: This species is a threat to most corals and/or other invertebrates.