|Latin name||Pentapodus setosus - (Valenciennes, 1830)|
|Local name||Butterfly whiptail|
|Family||Nemipteridae - Pentapodus|
|Origin||The Mexican Golf|
|Max length||18 cm (7,1")|
|Minimum volume||600 cm (158 gal)|
|Suitable for aquarium||Suitable with care|
|Reef safe||Reef safe with caution|
|Aggressiveness||Mostly peaceful but might be aggressive towards similar species|
Zooplankton (Cyclops, pods...)
Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia...)
Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
This species is known to jump out of open aquaria.
This spicies might be a threat to smaller fishes.
This species poses a threat towards shrimps and crabs etc., which are relatively small.
This species searches through the sand for food, which can make the water cloudy and shakes up detritus.
In an aquarium their natural food source in the sand is quickly exhausted.
This species must be fed with an appropriately varied diet.
These fish flourish better without other members of the same species in the aquarium.
There is a greater chance of success with this species if one can supply a living feed to allow it to adapt to the tank.
This fish requires feeding several times a day, especially when newly added.
When the fish can find its natural food in the aquarium it requires less frequent feeding.
This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.
This species revels in swimming and requires an aquarium with ample space.
This species can be very shy when first introduced into a new aquarium.
More aggressive fish can be introduced after this species has acclimatized.
The Threadfin Bream (Nemipteridae) is an often overlooked fish by aquarists, they are both attractive and interesting to keep in an aquarium, as long as one can provide them with an appropriate environment.
The substrate colour can influence their appearance. They are by far the most attractive with a dark substrate.
These fish like to eat food from the bottom and until they get used to eating in the water column, it is vital to be certain they obtain enough food from the start.
As they grow larger, they can become a threat to small crustaceans and small fish.
|Distribution||Western Central Pacific: Philippines, South China Sea, Singapore, and Indonesia.|
|English common names||
Scott W. Michael. 2004. Angelfishes and Butterflyfishes (Reef Fishes Series Book 3) TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)
Bob Fenner. They Could be Pet-Fish, Threadfin or Sea Breams Family Nemipteridae - Wet Web Media - (English)
Bob Fenner. FAQs on the Threadfin or Sea Breams, Family Nemipteridae - Wet Web Media - (English)
"Minimum volume" indicates the size of the tank needed to house this species under optimal conditions.
This is based on a medium size animal, which you want to keep for several years.
It might be possible to keep smaller specimens for a limited period in a smaller tank. A larger tank might be needed for fully-grown specimens.
"Hardiness" indicates how resistant this species is to disease and how well i tolerates bad conditions in general.
Some species doesn't handle transportation very well, but that doesn't mean that the species isn't hardy under the right conditions.
In this case, a "normal" aquarium is a reef aquarium with mixed corals or a fish only aquarium with an approximately salinity of 1.026 (sg) and a temperature close to 26°C.
Species requiring more than a 4000-liter tank are considered not suitable for home aquarium.
Special aquariums may cover tanks with low salinity, sub-tropical temperature, deep sand bed, sea grass etc.
Always reef safe: No sources indicate that this species will harm corals or other invertebrates.
Often reef safe: Only a few aquarists has reported problems keeping this species with corals and other invertebrates.
Reef safe with caution: This species may be a threat to some types of invertebrates.
Reef safe with luck: Most specimens will harm corals and/or other invertebrates, but you might be lucky.
Not reef safe: This species is a threat to most corals and/or other invertebrates.