Parapercis schauinslandii
Parapercis schauinslandii
Parapercis schauinslandii


Latin name Parapercis schauinslandii - (Steindachner, 1900)
Common name Redspotted sandperch
Family Pinguipedidae - Parapercis
Origin West Indian Ocean, The Mexican Golf, West Atlantic
Max length 18.0 cm (7.1")

As aquarium fish

Minimum volume 100 l (26 gal)
Hardiness Hardy
Suitable for aquarium Suitable with care
Reef safe Reef safe with caution
Aggressiveness Aggressive towards other species


  • Small crustaceans (Krill, mysis, artemia...)
  • Larger crustaceans (Shrimp, crabs...)
  • Fish

Jumps out of open aquaria

This species is known to jump out of open aquaria.

Threat towards crustaceans

This species poses a threat towards shrimps and crabs etc., which are relatively small.

Eats tubeworms

This species likes to eat tubeworms.

Can be a threat to small fish

This spicies might be a threat to smaller fishes.

Small aquaria

This species can be kept in a small tank, if it is specifically equipped to meet its needs.

It is recommended however, to keep it in an aquarium which is larger then described above.

Aggressive towards bottom dwellers

This species can be very aggressive towards bottom dwelling animals.

Frequent feeding

This fish requires feeding several times a day, especially when newly added.

When the fish can find its natural food in the aquarium it requires less frequent feeding. 

Sandy substrate

This species does best in an aquarium of which 30% of the bottom is covered with sand or gravel.

For a very small tank, the area covered must be at least 50%.


This species can change gender from female to male.

When a male is needed, a female changes sex and takes on the role.

Lives in a pair

This species can live as a pair (male and female).

Family description (Pinguipedidae)

Sandperches (Pinguipedidae) survive mostly on smaller invertebrates, but when fully grown they also hunt small fish and larger crustaceans.
In the wild they will often go after fish that dig in the sand, one can mimic this by placing bits of food in the sand and moving them around.

As they pose a threat to many of the shrimps and invertebrates which often inhabit aquaria, they are therefore best suited to a tank with more aggressive or larger fish.
If one organizes the aquarium to suit these fish, they can however be kept in relatively small tanks, as long as there is a large open sandy area. 

When a pair is wanted, it is best to buy them young or get two females.


Aquarium trade Yes
Distribution Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Pitcairn (excluding Easter Island), north to Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef. Throughout Oceania. Not recorded from the Arabian Peninsula or the southern coast of Asia.
English common names Sand perch, Lyre-tail grubfish, Flagfin weaver, Redspotted sandperch

References and further reading

About references

Scott W. Michael. Keeping Sandperch in the Saltwater Aquarium - Fish Channel - (English)
Bob Fenner. Sandperches, Family Pinguipedidae, Neat, Intelligent, and Nowhere to be Found in the Aquarium Interest...? - Wet Web Media - (English)

Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication., version (08/2014).


hermaphroditic, pair couple, eats shrimp, eats crab, eats feather duster worm, eats fish, nano small aquarium, aggressive territorial
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