|Latin name||Stethojulis bandanensis - (Bleeker, 1851)|
|Common name||Red shoulder wrasse|
|Family||Labridae - Stethojulis|
|Origin||East Indian Ocean, Australia, Indonesia, Central/West Pacific|
|Max length||15.0 cm (5.9")|
As aquarium fish
Jumps out of open aquaria
This species is known to jump out of open aquaria.
This species requires a constant supply of food in the water.
Sensitive during transportation
This species is very sensitive during transportation and acclimatizing into the aquarium.
Deep sandy substrate
This species needs a minimum of 2 inch (5 cm) of sand in the aquarium bottom, so it can dig itself down when afraid or needing to sleep.
Well established aquarium with pods
This species thrives best when there is a sufficiently large amount of micro life (copepods, amphipods or similar) in the aquarium, so that the it can always find their own food.
Requires a varied diet
This species must be fed with an appropriately varied diet.
Requires plenty of space for swimming.
This species revels in swimming and requires an aquarium with ample space.
This species can change gender from female to male.
When a male is needed, a female changes sex and takes on the role.
This species is very shy and docile, so one should be careful when keeping it with more aggressive fish.
This species needs good hiding places, for example, between live rocks.
Can coexist as a pair
They can live as a pair provided they are introduced simultaneously.
Genus description (Stethojulis)
Stethojulis are very beautiful when in full colour, but when young their colouring is more matte. Most require almost constant feeding if they are to survive in an aquarium for any length of time. Their frequent feeding is required because of their constant activity, this also means they must be provided with ample space for swimming.
When one has an very large tank with plenty of zooplankton and hiding places, then the chances of success are good. Without available natural food it is essential to have an automatic feeders to provide regular, daily food of a varied nature.
These fish eat most of types of frozen foods like, i.e. Mysis, Artemia and cyclops. They can be a threat to small invertebrates like snails and shrimps.
They must not be kept with aggressive fish, as this will make their acclimatization problematic.
When feeling threatened or needing sleep, they dig themselves into the sand.
Family description (Labridae)
Wrasses are nearly always seen in reef aquaria, since many of the species are both attractive and useful in battling a range of unwanted invertebrates like i.e. flatworms, pyramide snails.
These fish live of everything from zooplankton to large crustaceans, sea urchins and the like.
The needs and behaviour of Wrasses vary greatly, so it is vital to familiarize oneself with the specific species before buying one.
|Distribution||Indo-Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean to western Australia, including the Christmas Island, Cocos-Keeling and the Andaman Sea; then from Japan to New South Wales, Australia. Eastern Pacific: offshore islands in the eastern Pacific, including Clipperton, Co|
|English common names||Orange-axil wrasse, Red-shoulder wrasse, Red shoulder wrasse, Red-spot rainbowfish, Red-spot wrasse|
References and further reading
Bob Fenner. The Spastic Wrasses of the Genus Stethojulis - Wet Web Media - (English)
Scott W. Michael. 2009. Wrasses and Parrotfishes (Reef Fishes Series Book 5) - TFH Publications / Microcosm Ltd. - (English)
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2014. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (08/2014).
|hermaphroditic, docile shy, hard to feed, pods, pair couple|